IIoT and Manufacturing

What is Smart Manufacturing?

Smart Manufacturing is a technology-driven approach that utilizes networked/Internet-connected machinery to monitor the production process.

The goal of Smart Manufacturing is to identify opportunities for automating operations and use data analytics to improve manufacturing performance.

Smart Manufacturing is a specific application of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

What is the Internet of Things? 

A network of smart devices such as vehicles, appliances, phones and sensors that share data and coordinate their interaction through the internet.

What is the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)?

IIoT marries advanced manufacturing techniques with the IoT to create a digital manufacturing enterprise that is not only interconnected, but communicates, analyzes, and uses information to drive intelligent actions that continuously improve the efficiency and performance of the business.

Business Types


The Chemical Manufacturing subsector is based on the transformation of organic and inorganic raw materials by a chemical process and the formulation of products.

Primary Metal

Industries in the Primary Metal Manufacturing subsector smelt and/or refine ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap, using electrometallurgical and other process metallurgical techniques.

Petroleum and Coal Products

The Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing subsector is based on the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products.

Food Manufacturing

Industries in the Food Manufacturing subsector transform livestock and agricultural products into products for intermediate or final consumption.

Transportation Equipment

Industries in the Transportation Equipment Manufacturing subsector produce equipment for transporting people and goods. Transportation equipment is a type of machinery.

Fabricated Metal Product

Industries in the Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing subsector transform metal into intermediate or end products, other than machinery, computers and electronics, and metal furniture, or treat metals and metal formed products fabricated elsewhere.


Industries in the Machinery Manufacturing subsector create end products that apply mechanical force, for example, the application of gears and levers, to perform work.

Plastics and Rubber Products

Industries in the Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing subsector make goods by processing plastics materials and raw rubber.

Application Areas

OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness)

Overall Equipment Effectiveness, measures when an asset is available, the speed at which it operates and the number of products out of quality specification being produced.  

Product Quality

Product Quality is a measure of how well a product’s characteristics meets the manufacturers specified product requirements.

Predictive Maintenance

Predictive Maintenance are techniques designed to help determine the condition of in-service equipment in order to estimate when maintenance should be performed. 

Operating Efficiency

Operating Efficiency is how well a business manages its resources and uses them to produce profits.

Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management refers to external relationships with suppliers related to demand planning, sourcing, production, inventory management and storage, transportation (or logistics), and return of excess or defective products.

Inventory Control

IIoT-based inventory systems can track items in real time. Products usually have either an RFID tag or barcode label, so they can be scanned and identified by the system.  

Occupational Safety

By using the IIoT and pervasive cloud connectivity, organizations can now pull in work environment data in real time, analyze it, and respond in ways to help keep workers safe and healthy.


The practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. Cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes. A cybersecurity system provides security operations functions that include detection, investigation, and remediation.

Solution Provider Types

IIoT Solutions Partner

An end user facing organization that has establish a comprehensive network of IoT domain experts in hardware, firmware, software, connectivity, data analytics and vertical market applications.  The organization assists in new business model definition and provides total integration of customer specific IoT solutions. An IoT SP offers some combination of elements from hardware to data analytics expertise and not necessarily the ‘whole package’.

IIoT Systems Integrator

A company that stitches solutions together – provides hardware installation and software field deployment, IOT Security and access control management, IOT system provisioning and configuration, field deployment, training services, system maintenance and support.

Manufacturing Execution System Vendor

A company that provides “out-of-the-box” and “canned” hardware and software products for integrated IoT solutions typically comprised of smart devices, connectivity hardware and software, cloud interface, and application software.

Enterprise Security Company

A company having expertise in any aspect of the software, hardware and best practices related to protecting the IoT system (ie. Smart connected devices, communications, cloud services, applications interface) from nefarious activities.


Organizations that validate the functionality, performance, compliance and security of the products and services that comprise smart devices and systems.

Managed Services Provider (MSP)

A company that contracts with a manufacturer to take responsibility for maintaining and anticipating the need for, a range of processes and functions in order to improve operations and cut expenses. The managed services typically include management of IT and OT infrastructure (like software, servers, networks, and connected devices), mobile device management, managed security, remote firewall administration and cloud services. Some service providers also include data analytics support and help the client harvest value from the data collected from the operations.


An expert or an experienced professional having a background in any of the subject areas that are vital to the successful implementation of IIoT system.

Technology Levels

Application Level

Connecting and enhancing these insights to the greater ecosystem through a system of engagements enables “action” through a vast range of new applications and connected services.

Systems Level

Ingesting, analyzing and interpreting the data at scale through internal capabilities or cloud technologies generates insights.

Comms Level

Responsible for aiding an internet or intranet host in extracting the data from a connected smart device and delivering that information to the requesting host.

Smart Device Level

Devices that perform a control or sensing function that can communicate their operational status and react to critical events.

Cybersecurity Level

Protection from an unauthorized or unintended alteration of data or commands is essential in establishing trust in the data or directed actions that now flow throughout the networked system.